flower

 

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF EARTH SCIENCES

INDIA METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT

METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE, BHUBANESWAR

 

 

 

COMPOSITE
AGROMETEOROLOGICAL ADVISORY BULLETIN

 

for

 

ODISHA

 

 

NO. 132/ 2018

Issued on :20th April, 2018 (Friday)

Forecast period : 14.04.2018 20.04.2018

 

 

 

Issued by

India Meteorological Department

State Agro-meteorological Advisory Services Unit

Meteorological Centre , Bhubaneswar

in collaboration with

Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar &

Department of Agriculture , Govt. of Odisha

 

 

 

 

 

FOR METEOROLOGICAL PURPOSE ODISHA STATE IS THE SINGLE MET SUB- DIVISION

The state consists of 30 (thirty) districts:

 

Coastal districts :- ( 11 districts ) :

Balasore, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak, Kendrapada, Jagatsingpur, Puri, Khurda, Nayagarh, Ganjam, Gajapati

 

Interior districts :- ( 19 districts ) :

Sundergarh, Jharsuguda, Bargarh, Sambalpur, Deogarh, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Angul, Dhenkanal ,Nuapada, Bolangir, Sonepur, Boudh, Kandhamal (Phulbani), Kalahandi, Nawarangpur, Rayagada ,Koraput, Malkanagiri

Agroclimatic Zones of the state:

Zone

No.

Agroclimatic Zones

Districts

AMFU location

 

AZ1

East & South East coastal plain

Kendrapada, Jagatsingpur, Khurda, Puri , Nayagarh , part of Cuttack & Ganjam

Bhubaneswar

AZ2

North Eastern coastal plain

Balasore, Bhadrak, parts of Jajpur

Ranital,

AZ3

Western central table land

Sonepur, Bargarh, Bolangir, Boudh,Parts of Jharsuguda & Sambalpur

Chiplima,

AZ4

Western undulating zone

Nuapada, Kalahandi

Bhawanipatna

AZ5

North Central plateau

Mayurbhanj ,Major parts of Keonjhar ,

Keonjhar

AZ6

North western plateau

Sundergarh , part of Deogarh &Sambalpur , Jharsuguda

Kirei

AZ7

North Eastern Ghat

Rayagada, Gajapati, parts of Ganjam , Kandhamal ,small patches of Koraput

G.Udayagiri,

AZ8

Eastern Ghat highland

Nawarangpur, Major parts of Koraput

Similiguda

AZ9

Mid central table land

Angul,Dhenkanal , parts of Cuttack & Jajpur

Mahisapat

AZ10

South Eastern Ghat

Malkangiri , parts of Koraput

Kalimela/Malkangiri

 

 

10 Agroclimatic Zones of Odisha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-KIREI (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

14.04.2018

TO

20.04.2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

JHARSUGUDA

39

39

40

41

41

41

41

24

23

25

27

23

26

26

Tr

Tr

0

0

2.4

0

0

 

SAMBALPUR

39

39

38

40

41

41

41

24

21

23

25

23

25

25

0

8.4

0

0

0.2

0

0

 

SUNDERGARH

37

36

37

37

36

37

37

19

18

19

19

17

18

19

2

4

0

0

4

0

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- KIREI

 

JHARSUGDA

SAMBALPUR

SUNDARGARH

DEOGARH

 

 

Agromet Advisory

Agromet Advisory:

According to SPI map, there is wet is observed due to rainfall received. Due to forecast of normal monsoon rainfall in 2018, go for summer ploughing after receiving summer rain. Go for timely sowing to reap another non paddy crops in Rice-fallow areas. The infestation of insects are also decreased due to timely sowing. Choose the variety and crop according to land type.

 

Rabi Paddy:

1.        Due to wide diurnal variation in temperature, there is chances of blast, to mange this apply Tricyclazole@ 0.6 g/liter of water.

2.        Apply 6-8 kg Nitrogen/acre 15-20 days before flowering stage. Drain out excess water before fertilizing and one day after fertilizing, again irrigate the field for efficient fertilizer use.

3.        Due to forecast of rise in temperature, irrigation to paddy is given and survey of insect is to be carried out.

 

SRI Paddy;

1.           Run the cono weeder for controlling the grasses.

Wheat:

When 85% of plants turns yellow then harvest the crop.

Pulses.

Go for inter cultivation.

Sunflower:

1.        At pre-flowering stage, apply Borax @ 2-3g /liter of water.

Groundnut:

1. Do not disturb the soil after flowering in groundnut.

 

Sesamum:

1.        Complete earthing up, fertilizer application before flowering at 25-30 days after sowing.

Vegetables:

1.        There is chances of Wilt in Brinjal, to manage, apply streptocycline @ 1 g in 10 liters of water and to be applied at the base of the plants.

Livestock: Provide sufficient clean drinking water to animals. Do not leave the animals in open at hottest part of the day. Provide them sufficient rice water in the morning.

Pisciculture: In new pond the predator fish are to be killed before undertaking the pisciculture activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-KEONJHAR (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

14.04.2018

TO

20.04.2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

BARIPADA

34

36

35

37

38

34

36

25

NA

25

26

23

23

25

0

NA

0

0

11.6

0

0

 

KEONJHAR

34

37

36

37

38

37

36

22

22

23

24

23

23

23

0.3

0

0

0

0.8

0

0

 

BALASORE

33

36

34

37

37

33

35

24

20

23

25

23

19

25

0

19.5

0

0

1.8

22.1

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- KEONJHAR

 

MAYURBHANJ

&

KEONJHAR

Agromet Advisory for Keonjhar district

 

PADDY: To control Stem borer apply Regent / Caldan / Furadan @ 20 kg/ha or Nurocombi( Chlorpyriphos 50% + Cypermethrin5%) / Cherish (Deltamethrin 1% + Trizophos 25%) / Marshall (Carbofulfan 25%)/Rocket(Profenofos40%+Cypermethrin4%) @ 2 ml/litre of water. Maintain 5 cm standing water. When the crop is at 18-21 days old top dressing with 40 kg N/ha (87 kg Urea).

 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: Deworm the animals and give mineral mixture along with salt regularly and wheat grains, jaggery etc. may be provided @ 10%-20% in the daily ration to meet the energy requirement of the animals.

 

PISCICULTURE Mentain 6 ft water depth with pH 6.8-7.5, turbidity 20-30 cm and plankton growth of 2.5/50 liter water. Avoid overcrowding. The fishes should be fed daily with oil cake bran mixture at the rate of 2-3 % of their total biomass.

Agromet Advisory for Mayurbhanja district

 

PADDY: To control Stem borer apply Regent / Caldan / Furadan @ 20 kg/ha or Nurocombi( Chlorpyriphos 50% + Cypermethrin5%) / Cherish (Deltamethrin 1% + Trizophos 25%) / Marshall (Carbofulfan 25%)/Rocket(Profenofos40%+Cypermethrin4%) @ 2 ml/litre of water. Maintain 5 cm standing water. When the crop is at 18-21 days old top dressing with 40 kg N/ha (87 kg Urea).

 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: Deworm the animals and give mineral mixture along with salt regularly and wheat grains, jaggery etc. may be provided @ 10%-20% in the daily ration to meet the energy requirement of the animals.

 

PISCICULTURE: Mentain 6 ft water depth with pH 6.8-7.5, turbidity 20-30 cm and plankton growth of 2.5/50 liter water. Avoid overcrowding. The fishes should be fed daily with oil cake bran mixture at the rate of 2-3 % of their total biomass.

 

 

 

 

AMFU-RANITAL (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

14.04.2018

TO

20.04.2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

BALASORE

33

36

34

37

37

33

35

24

20

23

25

23

19

25

0

19.5

0

0

1.8

22.1

0

 

CHANDBALI

37

39

38

40

41

38

38

25

23

25

27

25

25

27

0

0.3

0

0

0.2

0

0

 

CUTTACK

35

37

38

39

39

37

37

24

21

25

25

22

NA

26

0

3.4

0

0

9.6

Tr

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- RANITAL

 

JAJPUR

Agromet advisory

Summer rice

Panicle initiation to flowering stage

v  As hot and dry weather will prevail till Sunday, irrigate and maintain around 5 cm of water during this stage to negate the impact of high temperature on reproductive stages.

v  Due to abrupt rise in temperature stem borer attack will increase. Spray Fipronil or Triazophos @2ml/litre to control it.

v  Due to rise in maximum temperature and widening the gap between day and night temperature, disease problem like Blast will aggravate.

v  In case of Blast attack, spray 200g Tebuconazole+Trifloxystrobin or 250g Tricyclazole in 500 litre of water per hectare.

 

  As no rain is expected, irrigate the crop at this critical stage of seed formation.

  Current weather condition is favourable for attack of Pod borer in green gram and black gram. Spray Triazophos@2ml/liter to control it.

  Current fluctuation in maximum and minimum temperature will build up the white fly population causing YMV disease. Use yellow sticky traps to monitor the population of white fly.

  If the white fly population is more, then spray Thiomethoxam 25WG @ 60g/acre.

 

Vegetables

v Mite problem will aggravate in Brinjal under present weather condition. Spray Propargite@ 400ml/acre to control it.

v Due to rise in temperature, fruit & shoot borer attack in Brinjal will aggravate. To control it spray Neem oil 300ppm@5ml/litre of water at initial stages. At later stages spray Thiodicard@300g/acre.

v Current weather favours spread of YMV in Ladies finger. In case of appearance of diseases, rogue out affected plants and spray Thiomethoxam 25WG @ 60g/acre.

v Now-a-days in Chilli crop due to attack of Thrips, there is curling of leaves and stunting of plant growth. To control the pest, spray Imidacloprid @0.5 ml/l of water.

Pisciculture

  Maintain average water depth at 5ft level in the pond.

  Feed fishes with oil cake: bran mixture at 2% of their body weight daily.

  Start partial harvesting of fishes above ABW 750g.

 

BALASORE

Agromet advisory

 

Summer rice

Panicle initiation to flowering stage

 

v  As hot and dry weather will prevail, irrigate and maintain around 5 cm of water during this stage to negate the impact of high temperature on reproductive stages.

v  Due to abrupt rise in temperature stem borer attack will increase. Spray Fipronil or Triazophos @2ml/litre to control it.

v  Due to rise in maximum temperature and widening the gap between day and night temperature, disease problem like Blast will aggravate.

v  In case of Blast attack, spray 200g Tebuconazole+Trifloxystrobin or 250g Tricyclazole in 500 litre of water per hectare.

Sunflower

v  As dry weather is predicted, irrigate the crop at this critical stage of seed formation.

v The problem of head borer will aggravate at present weather condition. Spray Indoxacarb @200ml/acre to control it.

Summer Pulses

  As no rain is expected, irrigate the crop at this critical stage of seed formation.

  Current weather condition is favourable for attack of Pod borer in green gram and black gram. Spray Triazophos@2ml/liter to control it.

  Current fluctuation in maximum and minimum temperature will build up the white fly population causing YMV disease. Use yellow sticky traps to monitor the population of white fly.

  If the white fly population is more, then spray Thiomethoxam 25WG @ 60g/acre.

Vegetables

v Mite problem will aggravate in Brinjal under present weather condition. Spray Propargite@ 400ml/acre to control it.

v Due to rise in temperature, fruit & shoot borer attack in Brinjal will aggravate. To control it spray Neem oil 300ppm@5ml/litre of water at initial stages. At later stages spray Thiodicard@300g/acre.

v Current weather favours spread of YMV in Ladies finger. In case of appearance of diseases, rogue out affected plants and spray Thiomethoxam 25WG @ 60g/acre.

v Now-a-days in Chilli crop due to attack of Thrips, there is curling of leaves and stunting of plant growth. To control the pest, spray Imidacloprid @0.5 ml/l of water.

 

BHADRAK

Agromet advisory

Rabi rice

Panicle initiation to flowering stage

 

v  As hot and dry weather will prevail till Sunday, irrigate and maintain around 5 cm of water during this stage to negate the impact of high temperature on reproductive stages.

v  Due to abrupt rise in temperature stem borer attack will increase. Spray Fipronil or Triazophos @2ml/litre to control it.

v  Due to rise in maximum temperature and widening the gap between day and night temperature, disease problem like Blast will aggravate.

v  In case of Blast attack, spray 200g Tebuconazole+Trifloxystrobin or 250g Tricyclazole in 500 litre of water per hectare.

Sunflower

v  As no rain is predicted, irrigate the crop at this critical stage of seed formation.

v The problem of head borer will aggravate at present weather condition. Spray Indoxacarb @200ml/acre to control it.

Summer Pulses

  As no rain is expected, irrigate the crop at this critical stage of seed formation.

  Current weather condition is favourable for attack of Pod borer in green gram and black gram. Spray Triazophos@2ml/liter to control it.

  Current fluctuation in maximum and minimum temperature will build up the white fly population causing YMV disease. Use yellow sticky traps to monitor the population of white fly.

  If the white fly population is more, then spray Thiomethoxam 25WG @ 60g/acre.

 

Vegetables

v Mite problem will aggravate in Brinjal under present weather condition. Spray Propargite@ 400ml/acre to control it.

v Due to rise in temperature, fruit & shoot borer attack in Brinjal will aggravate. To control it spray Neem oil 300ppm@5ml/litre of water at initial stages. At later stages spray Thiodicard@300g/acre.

v Current weather favours spread of YMV in Ladies finger. In case of appearance of diseases, rogue out affected plants and spray Thiomethoxam 25WG @ 60g/acre.

v Now-a-days in Chilli crop due to attack of Thrips, there is curling of leaves and stunting of plant growth. To control the pest, spray Imidacloprid @0.5 ml/l of water.

Pisciculture

  Maintain average water depth at 5ft level in the pond.

  Feed fishes with oil cake: bran mixture at 2% of their body weight daily.

  Start partial harvesting of fishes above ABW 750g.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-BHUBANESWAR (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

14.04.2018

TO

20.04.2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

CUTTACK

35

37

38

39

39

37

37

24

21

25

25

22

NA

26

0

3.4

0

0

9.6

Tr

0

 

PARADIP

31

31

32

32

32

32

32

27

24

27

28

25

28

28

0

1.2

0

0

Tr

0

0

 

BHUBNESWAR

37

38

40

41

41

38

38

25

24

26

27

25

26

28

0

1

0

0

0.2

0

0

 

GOPALPUR

33

33

33

34

33

34

33

25

25

26

26

26

26

27

0

0.2

0

0

0

0

0

 

PURI

33

34

34

34

34

34

33

27

25

27

28

26

28

28

0

0.6

0

0

0.4

0

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- BHUBANESWAR

 

CUTTACK,

GANJAM,

JAGATSINGPUR,

KENDRAPADA,

PURI,

NAYAGARH

&

KHORDA

Not Received

Possibility of high temperature need careful water management

Increased temperature may favour the egg laying of stemborer in rice in the main field. To attract the butterflies, place 4 Pheromon Traps/acre, collect

the adults and destroy them by burning them under soil or by burying.

Increased difference between daily maximum and minimum temperature favours the infestation of blast in main field. Spray 1 g Beam/ litre water.

Apply mulches to non paddy crops and fruit crops to maintain high moisture status in the soil.

Due to rise in temperature and dry soil condition, insects pests like white grubs may pose serious problems in groundnut.

For row crops alternate rows may be irrigated.

Rabi forages are to be irrigated after each cut and in an interval of 20-25 days in case of multi-cut oats and 12-15 days in berseem and Lucerne.

VEGETABLES: Collect seeds for growing summer vegetables. , Present weather favours the ihe infestation of Alternaria blight in garlic. Spray 400 g Mancozeb in 200 litre water to control it. Spray 0.2% Borax to avoid head rot of cauliflower at flowering stage. Spodoptera in cabbage and cauliflower may be found. Go for alternate spraying of B.T product 1 kg or 250 LE SLNPV/acre. Present weather favours the ihe infestation of Alternaria blight in tomato and cole crops. Spray 3 g Dethane-M-45 (Mancozeb) in 1 litre water. The current weather favours the ihe infestation of Spray 300 ml Ethion or 400 ml Carbosulphan or Chloropyriphos in 200 litre water to control Thrips in Chilli and Capsicum.

CORM: Planting of corm by April in irrigated areas will give more yield than the kharif planting. Select the rhizomes weighing 400 to 600 g. Otherwise cut the large tubers into small pieces ofweighing 400 to 600g. Use 6 to 7 tons of rhizomes/acre. The corm should not be peeled. The corms should be dipped in solutions prepared by fresh cow dung along with 0.05% Monocrotophos and 0.2% Mancozeb for 4 to 6 hours followed by drying in shade before sowing. Always plant healthy and disease resistant rhizomes. Prepare the land thoroughly. Apply 8 to 10 tons of FYM/acre during final land preparation. Seeds are to be planted in rows at 90cm apart with 90 cm.

between the rhizomes. It should be planted in pits of 40X40X40 cm. Before planting apply 30:40:30 kg NPK/acre. At 30 days after emergence apply 15:15 kg NK/acre.

GREENS:The weather is optimum for sowing of green (Khada). Go for land preparation. Lay out small beds of 5 ft. long, 4 ft. wide with bunds all around.. Remove the weeds and stubbles. Apply 2 baskets of FYM. 4- 6 kg seeds are required per acre. Because of small size seeds, mix the seeds with coarse sands for easy sowing. Cover the seeds with soil by hands followed by straw. Irrigate the beds and remove the straw after emergence. After 12 15 days the seedlings are ready for transplanting in the main field. The seedlings are transplanted at a spacing of 75x 30cm.

SUMMER SUNFLOWER:Early sown crop at 20 25 days , go for hoeing and weeding . Apply 3 kg N to improved varieties and 6kg to hybrid ones. Fertiliser should be applied 3 to 4 inch away from the plant rows. Thin out plants keeping one healthy plant per hill.

FISHERY : Fish farmers, in case have stocked fingerlings in the pond for fish culture, they should monitor the quality and level ofwater, so also temperature. In case of water temperature goes above 30 0 C or water level goes below I m. depth, farmers are advised togo for early harvest and discontinue fish seed production and culture activity. Fish breeding and culture activity is discouraged

RICE : Rice crop is at flowering to Milking stage. High differential temperature between day and night favours the infestation of Blast. Spray 0.6g Tricychlazole or 1 ml. Ediphonphos in each litre water. Withhold top dressing of Urea for five days after the spraying. Increased temperature may favour the egg laying of stemborer in rice in the main field. Spray 2 ml Prophenophos per litre water.

MUSTARD:Irrigated mustard is at maturity stage. Go for harvesting and dry the plants under sun for easy threshing and safe storage.

SESAME:The early sown crop at 3 to 4 week stage. Go for weeding and hoeing. Apply 13 kg. urea followed by earthing up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-G.UDAIGIRI (5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

14.04.2018

TO

20.04.2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

 

GOPALPUR

33

33

33

34

33

34

33

25

25

26

26

26

26

27

0

0.2

0

0

0

0

0

 

KORAPUT

33

33

33

33

35

34

34

19

17

19

20

19

19

22

0

23.8

0

0

1.2

2.2

0

 

PHULBANI

NA

NA

38

38