flower

 

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF EARTH SCIENCES

INDIA METEOROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT

METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE, BHUBANESWAR

 

 

 

COMPOSITE
AGROMETEOROLOGICAL ADVISORY BULLETIN

 

for

 

ODISHA

 

 

NO. 215/ 2019

Issued on : 19th February, 2019 (Tuesday)

Forecast period : 20.02.2019 24.02.2019

 

 

 

Issued by

India Meteorological Department

State Agro-meteorological Advisory Services Unit

Meteorological Centre , Bhubaneswar

in collaboration with

Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar &

Department of Agriculture , Govt. of Odisha

 

 

 

 

 

 

FOR METEOROLOGICAL PURPOSE ODISHA STATE IS THE SINGLE MET SUB- DIVISION

The state consists of 30 (thirty) districts:

 

Coastal districts :- ( 11 districts ) :

Balasore, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak, Kendrapada, Jagatsingpur, Puri, Khurda, Nayagarh, Ganjam, Gajapati

 

Interior districts :- ( 19 districts ) :

Sundergarh, Jharsuguda, Bargarh, Sambalpur, Deogarh, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Angul, Dhenkanal ,Nuapada, Bolangir, Sonepur, Boudh, Kandhamal (Phulbani), Kalahandi, Nawarangpur, Rayagada ,Koraput, Malkanagiri

Agroclimatic Zones of the state:

Zone

No.

Agroclimatic Zones

Districts

AMFU location

 

AZ1

East & South East coastal plain

Kendrapada, Jagatsingpur, Khurda, Puri , Nayagarh , part of Cuttack & Ganjam

Bhubaneswar

AZ2

North Eastern coastal plain

Balasore, Bhadrak, parts of Jajpur

Ranital,

AZ3

Western central table land

Sonepur, Bargarh, Bolangir, Boudh,Parts of Jharsuguda & Sambalpur

Chiplima,

AZ4

Western undulating zone

Nuapada, Kalahandi

Bhawanipatna

AZ5

North Central plateau

Mayurbhanj ,Major parts of Keonjhar ,

Keonjhar

AZ6

North western plateau

Sundergarh , part of Deogarh &Sambalpur , Jharsuguda

Kirei

AZ7

North Eastern Ghat

Rayagada, Gajapati, parts of Ganjam , Kandhamal ,small patches of Koraput

G.Udayagiri,

AZ8

Eastern Ghat highland

Nawarangpur, Major parts of Koraput

Similiguda

AZ9

Mid central table land

Angul,Dhenkanal , parts of Cuttack & Jajpur

Mahisapat

AZ10

South Eastern Ghat

Malkangiri , parts of Koraput

Kalimela/Malkangiri

 

 

10 Agroclimatic Zones of Odisha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-KIREI (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

13.02.2019

TO

19.02.2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

JHARSUGUDA

30

31

33

33

26

29

29

13

14

16

16

17

13

14

0

0

0

14.6

0

0

0

 

SAMBALPUR

31

32

33

34

27

28

30

13

14

16

16

16

15

14

0

0

0

10.4

0.2

0

0

 

SUNDERGARH

29

30

31

29

30

31

31

12

N/A

13

12

N/A

14

15

0

N/A

0

5

N/A

0

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- KIREI

 

JHARSUGDA

SAMBALPUR

SUNDARGARH

DEOGARH

According to the SPI map mild dry is observed and according to NDVI map, moderate agriculture vigour is observed. So irrigation at critical stage is suggested.

Rabi Paddy: Transplanting

1.        Prepare the main field and apply 8 kg N, 16 kg P and 16 kg K per acre in medium duration paddy.

2.        When the seedlings are 4-5 leaved, than transplant in the main field.

3.        Before transplanting in the main field, deep the roots of seedlings in a solution of 1 kg Azospirillum mixed in 6 litres of water.

4.        Maintain 70 hills/square meter for 100 days duration of paddy and 60-65 hills per square meter for 125 days duration paddy.

5.        In the transplanted paddy, at 3weeks after transplanting ,apply 16 kg N /ac at PI stage

SRI Paddy:

1.        In SRI method of rice culture, transplant only one seedling per hill in lines at 25 cm apart with 25 cm plant to plant distance. Transplant the seedlings straight.

2.        Run the cono weeder for controlling weeds. For ease of running cono weeder, in previous day, keep ponding water and in the following day drain out water and run the weeder.

Wheat:

1.        Jointing stage is critical stage for irrigation.

2.        At 25 DAS go for intercultivation.

3.        In early sown crop at 5 weeks old, apply 8 kg Nitrogen per acre as second top dressing.

Pulse crop:

1.         Collect good quality mung and biri seeds

2.         Seed rate is 10 kg /ac spacing is 25-30cmX10cm.

3.         Treat the seeds with rhizobium culture @ 20g /kg seed.

Vegetable: To control Chilli thrips, apply Dimethoate @ 2 ml/liter of water.

Onion:

1.         If the seedlings are 12-15cm height, than go for uprooting in afternoon and transplant in the main field.

Sunflower:

1.         At 25 DAS, apply 6 kg Nitrogen/ac and go for earthing up.Keep one healthy seedling in place of two.

Sesamum:

1.           Good varieties of sesamum are Kanak, Vinayak, Kalika, Nirmala, Prachi.

2.           Seed rate is 4 kg for direct sowing and 3 kg/ac for line sowing of 30X 10 cm.

Livestock:. Cover the animal shed to protect from cold. Provide sufficient clean drinking water to animals. Contact departmental personnel for vaccination.

Pisciculture: Provide feed @ 2-3 % of body mass of fish. Go for false netting to get good growth of fish. To correct acidity, apply 100 kg lime and cifax 500 ml per acre meter of water

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-KEONJHAR (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

13.02.2019

TO

19.02.2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

BARIPADA

29

30

32

33

26

29

28

14

14

16

17

18

15

15

0

0

0

8

0

0

0

 

KEONJHAR

28

30

32

32

24

27

29

12

13

15

15

16

14

13

0

0

0

16

0.5

0

0

 

BALASORE

29

31

32

33

23

30

29

13

14

15

15

15

14

15

0

0

0

2.4

0.7

0

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- KEONJHAR

 

MAYURBHANJ

&

KEONJHAR

According to the SPI map dry condition is observed and according to NDVI map, moderate agriculture vigor is observed. Summer rice:

          To control weeds spray Fenoxaprop-P ethyl @ 300ml/acre at 28-35 days after transplanting mixing with 200lit of water.

          At three week stage of crop weed out the field and apply 25kg urea for short duration varieties and 35kg urea for medium duration varieties. Do not allow the water to over flow or drainout of the field after fertilizer application for 3-4days.

          Apply irrigation water with alternate wetting and drying as hair line crack appears in field during tillering stage.

Mustard:

          Rising temperature with past foggy weather is favourable for attack of aphids. Spray Neem oil 500ppm@5ml/litre. In subsequent stages, spray Etofenprox@300 ml or Flonicamid@60g/acre.

          Due to fluctuation in differential of day and night temperature, there is possibility of attack of Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). The forecasted weather is also favourable for its proliferation. This is a polyphagous pest. So following integrated approach should be started.

          Use Pheromone trap using Spodo lure to monitor adult population of the insect. b) Bird perching should be encouraged and night fire should be widely popularized

          In case of appearance of the caterpillar, prepare poison bait with 1 kg rice bran + 200g jaggery/gur + 20-25g Cartap Hydrochloride + Water. Keep the bait at 20-25 different places nearer to bunds in the affected field.

          Go for need based spraying of Lambda cyhalothrin 4.9CS@300ml/acre over the crop.

          Current weather is favourable for attack of cabbage webber and mustard sawfly. To control it, go for alternate spray of Profenophos@2ml/litre of water with Neem oil@5ml/litre of water.

Green gram

          As the temperature showing upward trend, sowing of summer green gram should be continued.

          During ploughing, apply 2t of FYM/ha

          Suitable varieties are SML-668. IPM 2-3, PDM-11, PDM-54, PDM-139. HUM-16.

          Treat the seeds with Imidacloprid 600FS@5ml/Kg seed seven days before sowing.

          Seed treatment with Rhizobium@200g and PSB@200g  with 3g Ammonium Molybdate per 10 Kg seeds is to be carried out just before sowing. If the seeds are treated with seed treating chemicals, double dose of bioferilisers are to be used.

          Seed rate is 25 kg/ha and spacing is 30cm x 10 cm.

          Fertilizer dose is 20:40:20:20 kg N-P2O5-K2O-S/ha.

          Apply Borax @10 kg/ha as basal fertilizer.

          Spray pre emergence weedicide Pendimethalin@1.3 litre/acre one day after sowing

VEGERABLES

Potato: The current weather is favorable for infestation of Cut worm in potato. Apply 1% Chloropyriphos dust or 2% Methylparathion dust over the bunds of the affected field to restrict the entry of the insects in to the unaffected field.

 In case of early blight in Potato, use copper based fungicide like Mancozeb 75 WP@ 2g/lt at 15 days interval three to four times. Destroy the diseased plant parts properly.

Brinjal:  In case of Fruit and Shoot borer in brinjal, go for application of 60ml Coragen 20 SC in 200 lt water/acre. In brinjal wilt is seen. To control, mix 20g Streptocyclin in 200lt water and spray in the root zone.

Tomato:  In case of Fruit borer in Tomato, apply 80 ml Spinosad 14.5SC in 200 lt water/acre.

Cabbage and Cauliflower: In case of Diamond back moth in cole crops like cabbage, cauliflower, go for application of 80 ml Spinosad 14.5SC in 200 lt water/acre.

Broccoli: Seed rate for broccoli is 300grams/ha. Raise the seeds in the nursery bed and transplant the seedlings at 4-5 leaves or 25-30 days stage and transplant at a spacing of 40-45cm.

Chilli and Capsicum:  In case of Capsicum and chilli thrips, go for application of 200ml Dimethoate 30 EC in 200lt water/acre. In case of mites, apply 500ml Dicofol 18.5EC in 200lt water/acre.

Poultry:

i)  As the minimum temperature is low, protect the poultry birds from cold injury using electric bulb (300watt for 10sq.ft.) to prevent coryza disease. 

ii)   Now-a-days, poultry birds are prone to respiratory infection and CRD (Chronic Respiratory Diseases). Provide comfortable warm housing and good ventilation.

Fisheries: Maintain 5 ft depth of water in the fish pond or Harvest the fish from the pond where it is not possible to maintain 5 ft. depth of water.

 

 

AMFU-RANITAL (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

13.02.2019

TO

19.02.2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

BALASORE

29

31

32

33

23

30

29

13

14

15

15

15

14

15

0

0

0

2.4

0.7

0

0

 

CHANDBALI

28

30

32

33

29

31

29

15

16

16

19

19

18

17

0

0

0

TR

1.8

0

0

 

CUTTACK

31

32

32

34

29

32

32

14

15

17

16

17

17

17

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

 

Agroadvisory for AMFU:- RANITAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JAJPUR

The SPI values from 17th January,2019 to 13th February, 2019 revealed that mildly dry condition is prevailing over Jajpur district. The NDVI map from 04.02.19 to 13.02.19 shows moderate agricultural vigour over few pockets in the district. The present condition is optimum for sowing of summer pulse & oilseeds crops.

Rabi rice

Transplanting to tillering stage

 

  As the weather will remain mainly dry, maintain water depth upto the base of the plant followed by weeding when the crop is around 3-4 leaf stage

  Rise in temperature with cloudy weather will favour the build up of stem borer population.

  Install pheromone traps to monitor stem borer population.

  If the dead heart population is above ETL (more than 1/m2), go for alternate spray of Fipronil @2ml/l with Indoxacarb@1.5ml/litre at 15days interval.

  In early transplanted crop, apply 50%N as 1st top dressing in HYVs while 25%N in hybrid varieties at 21 days after transplanting.

  Apply post emergence herbicide Penoxulam or Bis pyribac sodium@20 g a.i./ ha at 2-3 leaf stages of weeds.

Groundnut

 

       Due to abrupt rise and fall in temperature last week, there is possibility of attack of Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). The forecasted weather is also favourable for its proliferation. This is a polyphagous pest. So following integrated approach should be started.

a)     Use Pheromone trap using Spodo lure to monitor adult population of the insect.

b)    Bird perching should be encouraged and night fire should be widely popularized

          In case of appearance of the caterpillar, prepare poison bait with 1 kg rice bran+ 200g jaggery/gur+20-25g Cartap Hydrochloride +Water. Keep the bait at 20-25 different places in the affected field.

Rapeseed and Mustard

 

v Due to fluctuation in differential of day and night temperature, there is possibility of attack of Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). The forecasted weather is also favourable for its proliferation. This is a polyphagous pest. So following integrated approach should be started.

a)      Use Pheromone trap using Spodo lure to monitor adult population of the insect.

b)     Bird perching should be encouraged and night fire should be widely popularized

c)      In case of appearance of the caterpillar, prepare poison bait with 1 kg rice bran + 200g jaggery/gur + 20-25g Cartap Hydrochloride + Water. Keep the bait at 20-25 different places nearer to bunds in the affected field.

d)     Go for need based spraying of Lambda cyhalothrin 4.9CS@300ml/acre over the crop.

v  All chemical spaying operations should be done after 3pm to avoid damage to honey bees and other pollinators.

v  As mostly dry weather is expected, irrigation should be given at this critical stage.

Summer mung

  Sowing should be completed soon to minimise the attack of white fly at subsequent stages.

  During ploughing, apply 2t of FYM/ha

  Suitable varieties are SML-668. IPM 2-3, PDM-11, PDM-54, PDM-139. HUM-16.

  Treat the seeds with Imidacloprid 600FS@5ml/Kg seed seven days before sowing.

  Seed treatment with Rhizobium@200g and PSB@200g with 3g Ammonium Molybdate per 10 Kg seeds is to be carried out just before sowing. If the seeds are treated with seed treating chemicals, double dose of bioferilisers are to be used.

  Seed rate is 25 kg/ha and spacing is 30cm x 10 cm.

  Fertilizer dose is 20:40:20:20 kg N-P2O5-K2O-S/ha.

  Apply Borax @10 kg/ha as basal fertilizer.

  Spray pre emergence weedicide Pendimethalin@1.3 litre/acre one day after sowing

Vegetables

v  The current weather is favorable for attack of red pumpkin beetle in Cucumber & Bitter gourd. To control it spray Neem based pesticide 300ppm@5ml/litre of water at initial stages and at later stages spray Acephate@1g/litre of water.

v  Fruit and shoot borer in Brinjal- Spray Neem based pesticide 1500ppm@600ml/acre at initial stages. Later on go for alternate spray of Spinosad 45%SC@70ml/acre and Thiodicarb@300g/acre at 15 days interval.

v  Tomato- In present weather condition, fruit borer, leaf eating caterpillar and leaf miner are major pest observed in the field. To control these pest, spray Spinosad 45SC@70ml/acre with 200 litres of water.

v  Beans and Cow pea-Sucking pests like white fly are major pest attacking the crops. Go for alternate spray of Neem based pesticide 1500ppm@600ml/acre with Imidacloprid 17.8SL@70ml/acre.

v  Now-a-days wilt disease is common in solanaceous crops.

Following integrated approaches are adopted to control the disease.

  Remove and destroy the infected plants to prevent spread of the disease.

  Remove excess water from the crop field.

  Avoid excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizer

  Spray Tebuconazole @200ml/acre with Streptocycline@20g/acre

Pisciculture

          EUS disease To prevent the EUS disease in fish during winter apply Cifax @ 400 ml or Aquaneem per a pond of 1 acre and 1 meter depth of water.

Merigold

      This is the ideal time for planting of marigold. Seedlings of Ceracol variety should be planted at 30cm x 30 cm spacing and fertilizer dose@40:80:80 kg N-P2 O5- K2O /acre. 50%N, full P2O5 & K2O should be applied seven days after transplanting.

 

BALASORE

The SPI values from 17th January,2019 to 13th February, 2019 revealed that mildly dry condition is prevailing over Balasore district. The NDVI map from 04.02.19 to 13.02.19 shows moderate agricultural vigour over few pockets in the district. The present condition is optimum for sowing of summer pulse & oilseeds crops.

Rabi rice

Transplanting to tillering stage

 

  As the weather will remain dry till Friday, maintain water depth upto the base of the plant followed by weeding when the crop is around 3-4 leaf stage

  Rise in temperature with cloudy weather will favour the build up of stem borer population.

  Install pheromone traps to monitor stem borer population.

  If the dead heart population is above ETL (more than 1/m2), go for alternate spray of Fipronil @2ml/l with Indoxacarb@1.5ml/litre at 15days interval.

  In early transplanted crop, apply 50%N as 1st top dressing in HYVs while 25%N in hybrid varieties at 21 days after transplanting.

  Apply post emergence herbicide Penoxulam or Bis pyribac sodium@20 g a.i./ ha at 2-3 leaf stages of weeds.

Maize

          It is the right time for hoeing and weeding, apply 130kg Urea/has 1st top dressing.

          As no rain is expected, irrigate the crop.

Groundnut

 

       Due to abrupt rise and fall in temperature last week, there is possibility of attack of Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). The forecasted weather is also favourable for its proliferation. This is a polyphagous pest. So following integrated approach should be started.

a)     Use Pheromone trap using Spodo lure to monitor adult population of the insect.

b)    Bird perching should be encouraged and night fire should be widely popularized

          In case of appearance of the caterpillar, prepare poison bait with 1 kg rice bran+ 200g jaggery/gur+20-25g Cartap Hydrochloride +Water. Keep the bait at 20-25 different places in the affected field.

Rapeseed and Mustard

 

v Due to fluctuation in differential of day and night temperature, there is possibility of attack of Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). The forecasted weather is also favourable for its proliferation. This is a polyphagous pest. So following integrated approach should be started.

a)      Use Pheromone trap using Spodo lure to monitor adult population of the insect.

b)     Bird perching should be encouraged and night fire should be widely popularized

c)      In case of appearance of the caterpillar, prepare poison bait with 1 kg rice bran + 200g jaggery/gur + 20-25g Cartap Hydrochloride + Water. Keep the bait at 20-25 different places nearer to bunds in the affected field.

d)     Go for need based spraying of Lambda cyhalothrin 4.9CS@300ml/acre over the crop.

v  All chemical spaying operations should be done after 3pm to avoid damage to honey bees and other pollinators.

v  As mostly dry weather is expected, irrigation should be given at this critical stage.

Sunflower

v At 21 days after sowing apply 32.5 Kg Urea per hectare (25%N) after hoeing and weeding.

Summer mung

  Sowing should be completed soon to minimise the attack of white fly at subsequent stages.

  During ploughing, apply 2t of FYM/ha

  Suitable varieties are SML-668. IPM 2-3, PDM-11, PDM-54, PDM-139. HUM-16.

  Treat the seeds with Imidacloprid 600FS@5ml/Kg seed seven days before sowing.

  Seed treatment with Rhizobium@200g and PSB@200g with 3g Ammonium Molybdate per 10 Kg seeds is to be carried out just before sowing. If the seeds are treated with seed treating chemicals, double dose of bioferilisers are to be used.

  Seed rate is 25 kg/ha and spacing is 30cm x 10 cm.

  Fertilizer dose is 20:40:20:20 kg N-P2O5-K2O-S/ha.

  Apply Borax @10 kg/ha as basal fertilizer.

  Spray pre emergence weedicide Pendimethalin@1.3 litre/acre one day after sowing

Vegetables

v  The current weather is favorable for attack of red pumpkin beetle in Cucumber & Bitter gourd. To control it spray Neem based pesticide 300ppm@5ml/litre of water at initial stages and at later stages spray Acephate@1g/litre of water.

v  Fruit and shoot borer in Brinjal- Spray Neem based pesticide 1500ppm@600ml/acre at initial stages. Later on go for alternate spray of Spinosad 45%SC@70ml/acre and Thiodicarb@300g/acre at 15 days interval.

v  Tomato- In present weather condition, fruit borer, leaf eating caterpillar and leaf miner are major pest observed in the field. To control these pest, spray Spinosad 45SC@70ml/acre with 200 litres of water.

v  Beans and Cow pea-Sucking pests like white fly are major pest attacking the crops. Go for alternate spray of Neem based pesticide 1500ppm@600ml/acre with Imidacloprid 17.8SL@70ml/acre.

v  Now-a-days wilt disease is common in solanaceous crops.

Following integrated approaches are adopted to control the disease.

  Remove and destroy the infected plants to prevent spread of the disease.

  Remove excess water from the crop field.

  Avoid excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizer

  Spray Tebuconazole @200ml/acre with Streptocycline@20g/acre

Merigold

      This is the ideal time for planting of marigold. Seedlings of Ceracol variety should be planted at 30cm x 30 cm spacing and fertilizer dose@40:80:80 kg N-P2 O5- K2O /acre. 50%N, full P2O5 & K2O should be applied seven days after transplanting.

 

BHADRAK

The SPI values from 17th January,2019 to 13th February, 2019 revealed that mildly dry condition is prevailing over Bhadrak district. The NDVI map from 04.02.19 to 13.02.19 shows moderate agricultural vigour over few pockets in the district. The present condition is optimum for sowing of summer pulse & oilseeds crops.

Rabi rice

Transplanting to tillering stage

 

  As the weather will remain dry, maintain water depth upto the base of the plant followed by weeding when the crop is around 3-4 leaf stage

  Rise in temperature with cloudy weather will favour the build up of stem borer population.

  Install pheromone traps to monitor stem borer population.

  If the dead heart population is above ETL (more than 1/m2), go for alternate spray of Fipronil @2ml/l with Indoxacarb@1.5ml/litre at 15days interval.

  In early transplanted crop, apply 50%N as 1st top dressing in HYVs while 25%N in hybrid varieties at 21 days after transplanting.

  Apply post emergence herbicide Penoxulam or Bis pyribac sodium@20 g a.i./ ha at 2-3 leaf stages of weeds.

Rapeseed and Mustard

 

v Due to fluctuation in differential of day and night temperature, there is possibility of attack of Tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura). The forecasted weather is also favourable for its proliferation. This is a polyphagous pest. So following integrated approach should be started.

a)      Use Pheromone trap using Spodo lure to monitor adult population of the insect.

b) Bird perching should be encouraged and night fire should be widely popularized

c)      In case of appearance of the caterpillar, prepare poison bait with 1 kg rice bran + 200g jaggery/gur + 20-25g Cartap Hydrochloride + Water. Keep the bait at 20-25 different places nearer to bunds in the affected field.

d)     Go for need based spraying of Lambda cyhalothrin 4.9CS@300ml/acre over the crop.

v  All chemical spaying operations should be done after 3pm to avoid damage to honey bees and other pollinators.

v  As mostly dry weather is expected, irrigation should be given at this critical stage.

Sunflower

v At 21 days after sowing apply 32.5 Kg Urea per hectare (25%N) after hoeing and weeding.

Summer mung

  Sowing should be completed soon to minimise the attack of white fly at subsequent stages.

  During ploughing, apply 2t of FYM/ha

  Suitable varieties are SML-668. IPM 2-3, PDM-11, PDM-54, PDM-139. HUM-16.

  Treat the seeds with Imidacloprid 600FS@5ml/Kg seed seven days before sowing.

  Seed treatment with Rhizobium@200g and PSB@200g with 3g Ammonium Molybdate per 10 Kg seeds is to be carried out just before sowing. If the seeds are treated with seed treating chemicals, double dose of bioferilisers are to be used.

  Seed rate is 25 kg/ha and spacing is 30cm x 10 cm.

  Fertilizer dose is 20:40:20:20 kg N-P2O5-K2O-S/ha.

  Apply Borax @10 kg/ha as basal fertilizer.

  Spray pre emergence weedicide Pendimethalin@1.3 litre/acre one day after sowing

Vegetables

v  Fruit and shoot borer in Brinjal- Spray Neem based pesticide 1500ppm@600ml/acre at initial stages. Later on go for alternate spray of Spinosad 45%SC@70ml/acre and Thiodicarb@300g/acre at 15 days interval.

v  Tomato- In present weather condition, fruit borer, leaf eating caterpillar and leaf miner are major pest observed in the field. To control these pest, spray Spinosad 45SC@70ml/acre with 200 litres of water.

v  Beans and Cow pea-Sucking pests like Aphid and white fly are major pest attacking the crops. Go for alternate spray of Neem based pesticide 1500ppm@600ml/acre with Imidacloprid 17.8SL@70ml/acre.

v  Now-a-days wilt disease is common in solanaceous crops.

Following integrated approaches are adopted to control the disease. Remove and destroy the infected plants to prevent spread of the disease.

  Remove excess water from the crop field.

  Avoid excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizer

  Spray Tebuconazole @200ml/acre with Streptocycline@20g/acre

Merigold

      This is the ideal time for planting of marigold. Seedlings of Ceracol variety should be planted at 30cm x 30 cm spacing and fertilizer dose@40:80:80 kg N-P2 O5- K2O /acre. 50%N, full P2O5 & K2O should be applied seven days after transplanting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMFU-BHUBANESWAR (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REALISED WEATHER RECORDED IN THE OBSERVATORIES DURING THE PERIOD:

13.02.2019

TO

19.02.2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAX TEMP (DEG C)

MIN TEMP (DEG C)

RAINFALL (MM)

 

DATES

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

 

CUTTACK

31

32

32

34

29

32

32

14

15

17

16

17

17

17

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

 

PARADIP

27

28

29

29

29

28

29

16

17

17

19

20

20

20

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

BHUBNESWAR

31

33

35

34

30

34

34

14

16

19

18

18

18

19

0

0

0

1.5

0.2

0

0

 

GOPALPUR

30

31

30

29

30

29

32

17

17

18

20

20

21

20

0